THE USE OF FORMAL INSTRUCTION TO IMPROVE STUDENTS UNDERSTANDING OF SINGULAR-PLURAL ON GRAMMAR ASPECT IN SPEAKING SKILL
Keywords: Formal Instruction, Singular-plural Noun, Grammar, Speaking Skill
English and Bahasa Indonesia had some differences dealing with the number of the objects. In English, using‘s’ or ‘es’ in the end of the word was used to differentiate if the noun was a singular or plural form. Moreover, some of EFL Indonesian learners in junior high school had some problems, especially in the speaking activity. Therefore, the researchers used formal instruction to solve this problem. The researchers also wanted to investigate whether this formal instruction could improve students’ understanding, and how was their understanding of singular-plural on grammar aspect in speaking skill. This research used quantitative research which contained pre-experimental design, and 33 students of the eleventh grade in SMP PUI Gegesik Cirebon were used as the subject of the research. In collecting the data, the researchers used oral test which divided into two groups, in order to get the differences of students score of pre-test and post-test. After getting the data, it was analyzed by using the T-Test and SPSS applications. The result showed that the lower value was negative (-58.007) and the upper was also negative (-44.417) which meant that formal instruction could improve the students’ understanding of singular-plural form on grammar aspect in speaking skill. In the teaching-learning process, the students got some explanations, material, some drills and practicees from the teachers which meant as the process of how they could improve their understanding of the singular-plural materials.